+++++ Guide to Downloading Projects from Usenet +++++
IMPORTANT: You must have purchased the official Blu-ray or digital HD releases of the films in question before downloading HD preservations and fan edits. The projects discussed in these forums must never be bought or sold.
The Users’ Network, or Usenet for short, is a non-centralised computer network of news servers created in 1980 for discussing various topics in newsgroups. After a message is posted to a newsgroup on a news server, it is copied to all the other news servers hosting that particular newsgroup. It can then be viewed by anyone with an account on one of these news servers. While such discussions now usually take place on internet forums instead, newsgroups have been increasingly used for file-sharing due to dramatic increases in internet connection speed over the last 15 years. The same technology used for sharing messages in the original text-based newsgroups has been adapted for sharing much larger music, video and application files in binary newsgroups such as alt.binaries.starwars. Content is uploaded and downloaded using software called a newsreader.
BRIEF OVERVIEW TO DOWNLOADING FROM USENET
To download projects from Usenet, you will need two things:
- an account with a news server;
- a newsreader.
I recommend starting with Free-Usenet for the news server. No personal details are required other than a valid email address. It can be used completely free of charge for as long as you like and with no download limits, albeit at a low speed of 1 Mbps (128 kB/s). A 10 GB file would take roughly one day to download; much higher speeds are available at a price. Alternatively, you can sign up for a free trial with one of the major Usenet providers. This will give you very fast downloads at no cost for a limited time (usually up to one week), although possibly with a data cap.
NZBGet is an excellent newsreader for Windows, MacOS, Linux and Android. It is a very small program to install (only 8 MB), has a user-friendly interface, takes up few system resources, and is freeware. Note that NZBGet is a download client only, and cannot be used to upload files to newsgroups.
Once these are set up, acquiring projects is a two-stage process.
- A Usenet search engine, also called an indexer, is used to track down the relevant project. It provides a small NZB file for you to download, containing links to all the project files on the news server. NZB files are named after Newzbin, the first Usenet indexer to develop and use this format. My favourite indexer for Original Trilogy projects is NZBKing.
- The NZB file is loaded into the newsreader, at which point the main download from the news server begins. Once this is complete, the newsreader will automatically verify your downloaded files against those stored on the news server, attempt to repair them if necessary, and finally unpack any RAR files.
- Registering with a news server.
- Sign up for a free account with Free-Usenet.
- Check your email for your password and log in to Free-Usenet.
- Click on “Free account”.
- Click on “I’m not a robot” and complete the CAPTCHA.
- Click on “Generate free account”.
The server username and password listed here will be needed by your newsreader.
Every 3 hours, your free subscription will expire and must be renewed from this page.
- Configuring a newsreader.
- Download and install the latest stable release of NZBGet.
- Run NZBGet. The user interface should appear in your web browser.
- Click on “Settings” in the top bar.
- Click on “NEWS-SERVERS” in the left-hand panel.
- Complete the following settings:
Server1.Name: A server name such as "Free-Usenet" (optional)
Server1.Port: 443 (used for an SSL-encrypted connection)
Server1.Username: The username listed in your Free-Usenet account details
Server1.Password: The password listed in your Free-Usenet account details
Server1.Encryption: Yes (to use SSL encryption for more security)
Server1.Connections: 1 (the free account won't accept more than 1)
- Click on “Test Connection” near the bottom to check the settings are correct.
- Click on “Save all changes” at the bottom left.
- Click on “Reload NZBGet”.
- Searching for a project with a Usenet indexer.
- Visit NZBKing.
- Input some key words for the project in the search bar and press Return.
- Optional: click on “NFO” (if present) beside a project to read some information about it.
- Optional: click on “Details” to see the project files, the upload date and the exact file size.
- Click on “NZB” (by the arrow in the blue square) to download the relevant NZB file.
- Downloading a project.
- Run NZBGet if it isn’t already open.
- Click on “+Add”.
- Drag and drop the NZB file onto the pop-up window, or click on “Select file” and navigate to it.
- Click on “Submit”. The download should begin: check the speed by the aeroplane at the top left.
- You can pause/resume the download by clicking on the big green/orange arrow at the top left.
- Every 3 hours, renew your Free-Usenet account and update the server password in NZBGet.
- When the download is finished, it may take a few minutes for the RAR files to be verified,
repaired (if needed) and finally unpacked to this directory: C:\ProgramData\NZBGet\complete.
APPENDIX 1: POPULAR STAR WARS PROJECTS AVAILABLE ON USENET
The file sizes and uploaders are included to help you identify legitimate uploads rather than poorer quality re-encodes. Note that the file sizes include the Par2 recovery files.
|Harmy’s Despecialized Editions of SW v2.7, ESB v2.0, ROTJ v2.5
||~25 GB each
|Harmy’s Despecialized Editions of SW v2.7, ESB v2.0, ROTJ v2.5
||8 GB each
|Chewtobacca’s DVD versions of Harmy’s SW v2.7 and ROTJ v2.5
||4 GB each
|Team Negative 1’s 4K77 1080p No DNR v1.4 (use Binsearch)
|Team Negative 1’s 4K77 1080p DNR v1.0
|Team Negative 1’s 4K83 1080p No DNR v1.0
|Team Negative 1’s SW Silver Screen Edition v1.6
|Team Negative 1’s ESB Renegade Grindhouse
- Chewtobacca’s DVD5 version of ESB v2.0 does not appear to have been uploaded to Usenet. However, it can be obtained by following the instructions in section 3, step 7 of HanDuet’s The Ultimate Introductory Guide.
APPENDIX 2: USENET VS TORRENTS & CLOUD STORAGE
Usenet has a number of advantages over other popular methods of downloading files.
Usenet is more private and secure than file-sharing via torrents. When downloading from Usenet, you are connected only to the news server and not to other downloaders (known as “peers”) as you would be with a torrent. There is thus no automatic uploading of content to other peers while you are downloading from Usenet.
News servers on Usenet usually have a high retention: files are often available for 8 to 10 years after being uploaded. Torrents are only available while they are being seeded and can dry up within a few weeks. Download links on cloud storage platforms such as Mega can also expire without warning if the owner either deletes or stops sharing the files.
Downloading from Usenet via a paid account with a news server is very fast, while torrents can be slow depending on the number and speed of the available peers. (That said, downloading from Usenet with a completely free account is generally rather slow.)
Usenet features powerful verification and recovery of damaged or missing files, handled automatically by the newsreader. While torrents allow automatic file verification via checksums, there is no facility to repair damaged files. Content obtained from the cloud cannot usually be checked for download errors.
APPENDIX 3: USEFUL SETTINGS IN NZBGET
Completed and ongoing downloads are stored in C:\ProgramData\NZBGet\complete and C:\ProgramData\NZBGet\intermediate respectively. You can change these directories with DestDir and InterDir in the PATHS settings.
By default, NZBGet deletes the downloaded RAR files once they have been successfully unpacked. It also downloads the bare minimum number of Par2 files needed for file verification and repair (if needed), deleting them afterwards along with any SFV checksum files present.
- To keep the RAR files after unpacking, set UnpackCleanupDisk to No in the UNPACK settings.
- To download all the Par2 files and also keep them afterwards, set ParCheck to Force in the CHECK AND REPAIR settings, and empty ExtCleanupDisk in the UNPACK settings.
APPENDIX 4: FILE VERIFICATION AND RECOVERY WITH USENET
The successful recovery of partially corrupted files is a huge advantage of Usenet. Large files and folders are archived and split into multi-part RAR files before being uploaded to binary newsgroups such as alt.binaries.starwars. Uploaders usually include some “parity archive (version 2) files”, or Par2 files for short, alongside the RAR files. These are designed to help newsreaders with file verification and recovery at the end of the download process.
The newsreader first downloads the RAR files in pieces called blocks, verifying checksums at each stage. Occasionally, some blocks will be missing or damaged on the news server. Provided there are at least as many blocks in the available Par2 files as there are missing/damaged blocks in the RAR files, the newsreader will be able to completely restore the latter by downloading the required number of Par2 files. Uploaders are encouraged to produce enough Par2 files to repair 10% of the project. Hence there is no reason to panic if a Usenet indexer lists a project as being slightly incomplete.
Here is an extremely simplified example to illustrate the basic idea behind Par2 recovery. Suppose the file you wish to download consists of the following four blocks of eight bits:
1 0 1 0 1 1 0 1
0 1 1 1 0 1 0 0
0 0 1 1 0 0 0 0
1 0 1 0 0 1 0 1
Here they are with the row and column totals included:
1 0 1 0 1 1 0 1 = 5
0 1 1 1 0 1 0 0 = 4
0 0 1 1 0 0 0 0 = 2
1 0 1 0 0 1 0 1 = 4
= = = = = = = =
2 1 4 2 1 3 0 2
The row totals can be written in binary, acting as simple checksums for each block. The parities of the column totals are now shown, with 0 for “even” and 1 for “odd”. This block of parities forms a Par2 file which has been provided by the uploader.
1 0 1 0 1 1 0 1 = 101
0 1 1 1 0 1 0 0 = 100
0 0 1 1 0 0 0 0 = 010
1 0 1 0 0 1 0 1 = 100
= = = = = = = =
0 1 0 0 1 1 0 0 ← Par2
Imagine the second block in the file has been corrupted on the news server. It might be entirely missing, or perhaps slightly damaged with an erroneous third bit.
Missing 2nd block Damaged 2nd block (3rd bit)
Block Checksum Block Checksum
1 0 1 0 1 1 0 1 = 101 1 0 1 0 1 1 0 1 = 101
x x x x x x x x = xxx 0 1(0)1 0 1 0 0 = 100
0 0 1 1 0 0 0 0 = 010 0 0 1 1 0 0 0 0 = 010
1 0 1 0 0 1 0 1 = 100 1 0 1 0 0 1 0 1 = 100
= = = = = = = = = = = = = = = =
0 1 0 0 1 1 0 0 ← Par2 0 1 0 0 1 1 0 0 ← Par2
As the newsreader downloads the blocks and verifies the checksums, it becomes apparent that there is a problem with the second block: the data is either missing or inconsistent with the checksum. The Par2 file now comes to the rescue, allowing the newsreader to completely restore the corrupted block. The three good blocks are added to the Par2 block bit by bit, and the parities of the column totals reproduce the original second block.
1 0 1 0 1 1 0 1 ← good 1st block
0 0 1 1 0 0 0 0 ← good 3rd block
1 0 1 0 0 1 0 1 ← good 4th block
0 1 0 0 1 1 0 0 ← Par2 recovery block
= = = = = = = =
0 1 1 1 0 1 0 0 ← recovered 2nd block
Further information on the Par2 recovery process can be found here: http://www.quickpar.org.uk/.
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